What are Ketones?
We, at the clinic, consider that ketones are a macronutrient simply because it is a source of energy and can be administered/ taken orally in the way of exogenous ketones. Ketones have 5,4 kcal per gram.
- Ketones can be produced by the liver as long as insulin levels are low
- Ketones can be taken as a supplement - then referred to as Exogenous Ketones (salts & esters)
When the liver produces ketone bodies for energy it is called ketogenesis.
The two main ketone bodies are acetoacetate (AcAc) and 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB) also referred to as ß-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), with acetone the third, and least abundant.
The energy ketones create, is a very CLEAN energy, especially important for the brain as you age since it's easy for the brain to utilize. (Your body finds it more and more difficult to use glucose as energy and the brain starts lacking of energy. This is a serious neurological condition and here we see diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Motor Neuron and other conditions).